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Ælfflæd Conjux Regis (I7518)

f: -- Ing 
B�ckstr�m, Gustaf Adolph (I5682)

Alfred the Great (Old English:  
Alfred (Aelfred) "The Great" Englalandes Cyning, King of the Anglo-Saxons (I7521)

Ealhswith, or Ealswitha, (born c. 852 in Mercia) of the Gaini was the daughter of  
of the Gaini, Ealhswith Queen of the Anglo-Saxons (I7522)

Egbert of Wessex (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 ? 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. His father was Ealhmund of Kent. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne.

Little is known of the first 20 years of Egbert's reign, but it is thought that he was able to maintain Wessex's independence against the kingdom of Mercia, which at that time dominated the other southern English kingdoms. In 825 Egbert defeated Beornwulf of Mercia and ended Mercia's supremacy at the Battle of Ellandun, and proceeded to take control of the Mercian dependencies in southeastern England. In 829 Egbert defeated Wiglaf of Mercia and drove him out of his kingdom, temporarily ruling Mercia directly. Later that year Egbert received the submission of the Northumbrian king at Dore. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle subsequently described Egbert as a bretwalda, or "Ruler of Britain".

Egbert was unable to maintain this dominant position, and within a year Wiglaf regained the throne of Mercia. However, Wessex did retain control of Kent, Sussex and Surrey; these territories were given to Egbert's son  
Egbert III (Ecgberht) Bretwalda, Vestseaxna Cyning, King of Wessex (I7529)

Ermentrude of Orl 
d'Orléans, Ermentrude (I7640)

From the English Wikipedia page on Brun I, Count of Brunswick:,_Count_of_Brunswick

Brun (Latin Bruno; born around 975, died around 1010), was count in the Derlingau, the Nordth 
Billung, Brun Graf im Derlingau und Nordth (I7666)

GERBERGA (-7 Jul 1018). Herimannus names "filiam Counradi regis Burgundi 
Gerberge Princesse de Bourgogne (I7292)

Godfrid, Danish Viking leader


Father: Unknown, NOT Harald Klak
Wife: Gisela, daughter of Lothair II



Godfrid, Godafrid, Gudfrid, or Gottfrid (murdered June 885) was a Danish Viking leader of the late ninth century. He had probably been with the Great Heathen Army, descended on the continent, and became a vassal of the emperor Charles the Fat, controlling most of Frisia between 882 and 885.

In 880, Godfrid ravaged Flanders using Ghent as his base. In 882, Godfrid ravaged Lotharingia and the cities of Maastricht, Li 
Godfred Haraldson Hertog van Fryslân (I7580)

He was an East Frankish Count. He was probably established in southeastern Germany by the Emperor Conrad II, and became Count of Lisbon.


About his parents little is known. It has been noticed however, that his father was Eberhard I of Sponheim (d. 1044) and that he therefore had brothers named Friedrich of Sponheim (1022?1058) and Eberhard II of Sponheim.[citation needed]


Everhard was an east Frank.

See for more information,

speculative research of Rob Salzman (


I EBERHARD Graf Von Sponheim7,368,370 died in 1065.368 Parents: ARIBO Pfalzgraf In Bayern and Adela Von BAYERN.
Eberhard Graf von Sponheim (I7538)

Engelbert IV. (Sieghardinger)

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklop 
Engelbert Engelbert IV, Graf im Inngau (I7526)

Bardas Phokas (Greek: ?????? ?????) (c. 878 ? c. 968) was a notable Byzantine general in the first half of the 10th century, and father of Byzantine emperor Nikephoros II Phokas and the kouropalates Leo Phokas the Younger.

Bardas was the scion of the Phokas family, one of the great houses of the Anatolian military aristocracy, his father was Nikephoros Phokas the Elder, an eminent Byzantine general with a distinguished record of service in Italy. In 917, he participated under the orders of his elder brother Leo in the disastrous Battle of Acheloos.

-------------------- Bardas Phokas the Elder

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Bardas Phokas

Born c. 878

Died c. 968

Allegiance Byzantine Empire

Years of service 910s?955

Rank Domestic of the Schools

Battles/wars Battle of Acheloos, Arab?Byzantine Wars, Rus' attack of 941

Bardas Phokas (Greek: ?????? ?????) (c. 878 ? c. 968) was a notable Byzantine general in the first half of the 10th century, and father of Byzantine emperor Nikephoros II Phokas and the kouropalates Leo Phokas the Younger.

Bardas was the scion of the Phokas family, one of the great houses of the Anatolian military aristocracy, his father was Nikephoros Phokas the Elder, an eminent Byzantine general with a distinguished record of service in Italy. In 917, he participated under the orders of his elder brother Leo in the disastrous Battle of Acheloos.

In 941, he was governor of the Theme of Armeniakon, in the area previously known as Paphlagonia. In this year the Rus' navy under the leadership of Igor I of Kiev attacked the Empire. Driven off from Constantinople, the Rus' landed in Bithynia and ravaged it. Bardas kept the attackers from doing too much damage with his local militia levies until the larger Byzantine army under John Kourkouas came and drove the Rus' out.

In 945 he was appointed supreme commander of the Byzantine armies of the East by Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus. In this command he did not make much progress against the Arab forces, being repeatedly defeated by Sayf al-Daula, emir of Aleppo. In 953, he was defeated and severely wounded by Sayf and after further defeats, he was replaced by his son Nikephoros in 955/956.

When Nikephoros came to the throne he made his father Caesar, only a step below the imperial title. He died about 968 at the age of 90
Phokas, Bardas 'the Elder' (I7543)

Carloman I (28 June 751 ? December 4, 771) was the king of the Franks from 768 until his death in 771. He was the second surviving son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon and was a younger brother of Charlemagne.

Carloman I stands in the unfortunate position of having been written of only by writers prejudiced against him, who portray him as peevish, self-pitying and easily flattered. Little is known of him, except such as touches upon his more famous father and brother.

Split of the Frankish kingdom

At the age of 3, he was, together with his father, Pepin the Short, and his elder brother, Charlemagne, anointed King of the Franks and titled "Patrician of the Romans" by Pope Stephen II, who had left Rome to beg the Frankish King for assistance against the Lombards. Together with Charlemagne, he inherited a half of the Kingdom of the Franks upon Pepin's death. His share was based in the centre of the Frankish Kingdom, with his capital at Soissons, and consisted of the Parisian basin, the Massif Central, the Languedoc, Provence, Burgundy, southern Austrasia, Alsace and Alemannia; the regions were poorly integrated and surrounded by those bequeathed to Charlemagne, and, although Carloman's territories were easier to defend than those of Charlemagne, they were also poorer in income.

It is commonly agreed that Carloman and Charlemagne disliked each other, although the reasons behind this are unclear: some historians suggest that each brother considered himself rightfully to be the sole heir of their father ? Charlemagne as the elder child, Carloman as the legitimate child (Charlemagne is sometimes claimed to have been born a bastard in 742, a claim not always accepted). Be that as it may, Pepin the Short's disposal of his kingdom appears to have exacerbated the bad relations between the pair, since it required co-operation between the pair and left both feeling cheated.

Competition with Charlemagne

Carloman's reign proved short and troublesome. The brothers shared possession of Aquitaine, which broke into rebellion upon the death of Pepin the Short; when Charlemagne in 769 led an army into Aquitaine to put down the revolt, Carloman led his own army there to assist, before quarrelling with his brother at Moncontour, near Poitiers, and withdrawing, troops and all. This, it had been suggested, was an attempt to undermine Charlemagne's power, since the rebellion threatened the latter's rule; Charlemagne, however, successfully crushed the rebels, whilst Carloman's behaviour had simply damaged his own standing amongst the Franks. Relations between the two then degenerated further, requiring the mediation of their mother, Bertrada, who appears to have favoured Charlemagne, with whom she would live out her widowhood, over Carloman.

In 770, his mother Bertrada began implementing her great strategy. After spending the Easter with Charlemagne at Liege, she visited Carloman at Seltz: her motives for visiting him are unknown, although it is suggested that she was trying to allay his fears of his brother, or persuade him to be more co-operative with Charlemagne, or even secure his agreement and collusion in her plans. However it was, by the end of the year Bertrada and Charlemagne had successfully encircled Carloman: Charlemagne had married Desiderata, the daughter of the Lombard king Desiderius, Carloman's immediate eastern neighbor, and the marriage created an alliance between Charlemagne and the Lombards; Bertrada had also secured for Charlemagne the friendship of Tassilo, Duke of Bavaria, her husband's nephew; she had even attempted to secure Papal support for the marriage by arranging for Desiderius to cede to Rome certain territories to which the Papacy laid claim, although Pope Stephen III remained in theory hostile to an alliance between his allies the Franks and his enemies the Lombards, and in reality deeply conflicted between the threat the Lombards posed to him and the chance to dispose of the anti-Lombard Christopher the Primicerius, the dominant figure at the Papal court.

These maneuvers had been favorable to the Franks in general, but posed a serious threat to Carloman's position. He had been left without allies: he attempted to use his brother's alliance with the Lombards to his own advantage in Rome, offering his support against the Lombards to Stephen III and entering into secret negotiations with the Primicerius, Christopher, whose position had also been left seriously isolated by the Franco-Lombard rapprochement; but after the violent murder of Christopher by Desiderius, Stephen III chose to give his support to the Lombards and Charlemagne. Carloman's position was rescued, however, by Charlemagne's sudden repudiation of his Lombard wife, Desiderius' daughter. Desiderius, outraged and humiliated, appears to have made some sort of alliance with Carloman following this, in opposition to Charlemagne and the Papacy, which took the opportunity to declare itself against the Lombards.

Death and legacy

Carloman died on 9 December 771, at the Villa of Samoussy; the death, sudden and convenient though it was, was set down to natural causes (a severe nosebleed is sometimes claimed as being at fault). At the time of his death, he and his brother Charlemagne were close to outright war, which Charlemagne's biographer Einhard attributes to the miscounsel of Carloman's advisors. Carloman was buried in Reims, but he was reburied in the Basilique Saint-Denis in the 13th century.

Carloman had married a beautiful Frankish woman, Gerberga, who according to Pope Stephen III was chosen for him, together with Charlemagne's concubine, Himiltrude, by Pepin the Short. With Gerberga he had two sons, the older of whom was named Pepin after his grandfather, marking him according to Carolingian tradition as the heir of Carloman, and of Pepin the Short. After Carloman's death, Gerberga expected her elder son to become King, and for herself to rule as his regent; however, Carloman's former supporters ? his cousin Adalhard, Abbot Fulrad of Saint Denis and Count Warin ? turned against her, and invited Charlemagne to annex Carloman's territory, which he duly did. Gerberga then fled ("for no reason at all") with her sons and Count Autchar, one of Carloman's faithful nobles, to the court of Desiderius, who demanded of the new Pope Hadrian I that he anoint Carloman's sons as Kings of the Franks. Gerberga's flight ultimately precipitated Charlemagne's destruction of the Kingdom of the Lombards; he responded to Desiderius' support of Carloman's children, which threatened Charlemagne's own position, by sweeping into Italy and subjugating it. Desiderius and his family were captured, tonsured, and sent to Frankish religious houses; the fate of Gerberga and her children by Carloman is unknown, although it is likely that they, too, were sent by Charlemagne to monasteries and nunneries.

Despite their difficult relationship, and the events following Carloman's death, Charlemagne would later name his second legitimate son 'Carloman' after his deceased brother. This had, perhaps, been a public gesture to honour the memory of the boy's uncle, and to quell any rumours about Charlemagne's treatment of his nephews. If so, it was swept away in 781, when Charlemagne had his son renamed as Pippin.
a Bourgogne et Austrasia, Karloman roi des Francs (I7588)

Emperor Charles II & his first wife Ermentrudis had nine children:

1. JUDITH ([844]-after 870). The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Iudith et Hildegardim, Hirmintrudim et Gislam" as the four daughters of "Karolus imperator?ex Hyrmentrudi regina", specifying that she married "Balduinus comes"[235].

The Annales Bertiniani record the betrothal in Jul 856 of "Iudith filiam Karli regis" and "Edilvulf rex occidentalium Anglorum" after the latter returned from Rome and their marriage "Kal Oct in Vermaria palatio", during which "Ingmaro Durocortori Remorum episcopo" set a queen's diadem on her head[236]. Her first husband placed her "by his own side on the regal throne", contrary to normal practice in the kingdom of Wessex[237]. The Annales Bertiniani record the marriage of "Iudit reginam" and "Adalboldus filius eius [=Edilvulf regis]" in 858 after the death of her first husband[238].

Asser records that when King  
de France, Judith (I7637)
15 -------------------- Phokas (Byzantine family)

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Phokas or Phocas (Greek: ?????), feminine form Phokaina (Greek: ???????), was the name of a Byzantine aristocratic clan from Cappadocia, which in the 9th and 10th centuries provided a series of high-ranking generals and an emperor, Nikephoros II Phokas (r. 963?969). Its members and their clients monopolized the high command positions of the Byzantine army for much of the 10th century and led the successful Byzantine offensive against the Arabs in the East. As one of the leading families of the Anatolian military aristocracy, the Phokades were also involved in a series of rebellions that laid claim to power and challenged the emperors at Constantinople. Their power was eventually broken by Basil II (r. 976?1025), and the family declined in importance after the 11th century.


[hide] 1 History 1.1 Origin and early members

1.2 Apex of power and fall 1.3 Later members of the family

2 Family tree, 9th?11th centuries 3 References 4 Sources


Origin and early members[edit]

According to Michael Attaleiates, the family descended from the ancient Roman gens Fabia, while Ali ibn al-Athir ascribed them an Arab origin from Tarsos. These theories, however, are a later invention. Whatever their origins, the Phokades appear to have settled in Cappadocia, where their estates were concentrated and which is clearly attested as their power base and the center of their activities.[1][2] Various authors have speculated on an Armenian or Georgian origin,[2][3] partly to account for the frequent presence of the name "Bardas" among the family members, but none of these hypotheses can be conclusively proven.[4][5]

The blinding of Leo Phokas.

The first attested member of the family was a soldier, probably of humble origin, who was appointed tourmarches in 872. His son, Nikephoros Phokas the Elder, became a distinguished general, scoring several victories against the Arabs, especially in southern Italy, and reaching the position of Domestic of the Schools.[2][4][6] His son, Leo Phokas the Elder, was also Domestic of the Schools, but was defeated by the Bulgarian tsar Symeon (r. 893?927), and later unsuccessfully opposed the rise of Romanos Lekapenos to the throne in 919, being captured and blinded. His brother, Bardas Phokas the Elder, already active as a general, fell in disgrace for a time, but by the time of Lekapenos's fall in 944, he was a patrikios and a high-ranking general.[4][7]

Apex of power and fall[edit]

After the fall of the Lekapenoi clan, Constantine VII appointed Bardas as Domestic of the Schools, while his sons Nikephoros, Leo, and Constantine were placed as strategoi of the themes of Anatolikon, Cappadocia, and Seleukeia respectively.[8][9] These appointments heralded a period of over twenty years when the Phokades and their clients monopolized the Byzantine army's leadership. During this period, the Phokas clan was closely allied with the Maleinoi, a rich and powerful family from Charsianon, through the marriage of Bardas to a Maleinos lady. Other families that were closely aligned with and often related to them through marriage were the Adralestoi, Skleroi, Kourkouai, Parsakountenoi, Balantai, and Botaneiatai.[10]

Entry of Nikephoros Phokas (r. 963-969) into Constantinople as emperor, from the Madrid Skylitzes.

Bardas himself, already in his mid-sixties when named commander-in-chief, proved a mediocre general, suffering a string of defeats at the hands of Sayf al-Dawla. One of them, in 953, even left his son Constantine Phokas captive in Dawla's hands. Finally, in 955, Bardas was replaced by his son Nikephoros. With the aid of Leo, who had already established himself through victories of his own, and his nephew John Tzimiskes, Nikephoros achieved a series of successes, recovering Crete and Cyprus and repeatedly defeating Sayf al-Dawla's forces.[9][11] With the sudden death of Romanos II in 963, the popular and powerful Nikephoros seized the throne, becoming senior emperor and guardian over the young sons of Romanos, Basil II, and Constantine VIII. His father Bardas was named Caesar, and his brother Leo became kouropalates and logothetes tou dromou. As emperor, Nikephoros continued his campaigns in the East, conquering Cilicia and northwestern Syria.[4][12]

Nikephoros's regime, however, quickly became unpopular, both due to his focus on military affairs to the detriment of the economy and for his religious policies. In December 969, he was murdered by a group of disaffected generals led by his nephew and one-time prot 
Phokaina, Sophia (I7542)
Lyubava Dmitrievna

Lyubava Dmitrievna [Grand Duchess O-16883 [Parents] was born about 1100 in Of, Novgorod, Novgorod, Russia. She died after 1168 in Kiev, Ukraine. She married Mstislav I, Grand Kiev-3871 in 1122 in Of Novgorod, Novgorod, Russia.

They had the following children:

F i Evfrosiniya Princess Of Kiev [Queen Of Hungar-16780 was born in 1130. She died in 1186.
M ii Mr. Vladimir Grand Duke Kiev-16884 was born in 1131/1132. He died on 30 May 1174.
M iii Yurij I "Dolgorukij" of Kiev-56802 was born about 1091. He died .

Zawidicz, Liubava Dmitrievna (I7367)

(Translated from Dutch)

Nowadays Friesland is just a province of The Netherlands. But long ago Friesland, or Frisia, was an area much bigger, stretching from what is now part of Belgium, a large part of The Netherlands, northern Germany, up to Denmark. One of the Frisian cities, Dorestad, was one of the most important and flourishing trading places of northwestern Europe, during the early Middle Ages. It was fought over many times against the Franks, a Germanic tribe that later ruled over most of Europe under emperor Charlemagne. At the time christianization took place in Europe, the Franks were already converted to the new religion by the year 500, but the Frisians didn?t want to abandon their old pagan believes they had for a very long time. Around the year 700, Frisia was the only area in northwestern Europe that had not been converted yet. Defender of the old believes was a legendary king of the Frisians, king Redbad.

Redbad was born around the year 648, he became king around 679. During is reign he was in conflict with the Franks many times. The Franks conquered Dorestad in 689, his opponent was Frankish mayor Pepin of Herstal. Pepin conquered the city of Utrecht a few years later, and from that time on the Franks had full control over the important trade route on the Rhine to the North sea. Redbad was forced to retreat. In the following decade it came to a truce between the Frisians and the Franks, and later the daughter of Redbad even got married with a son of Pepin.

Because Frisia had not been converted yet to the Christian religion, the Church of Rome sent several people trying to complete the christianization of northwestern Europe. They were not very successful, the people stayed with their old believes. But a son of Redbad was converted, and Redbad too almost adopted the new religion. That would have been the completion of the christianization, according to the Church at the time an entire group of people was converted if the leader did. Either Wulfram or Willibrord was about to baptize the king, when Redbad asked: ?Will I meet my ancestors in Heaven after I die??, Wulfram or Willibrord responded: ?No, they were not baptized, so they are in Hell.? Redbad replied: ?Then I rather spend eternity in Hell with my ancestors than in Heaven with my enemies (the Franks).? From that moment on Redbad found new faith in his old pagan believes, and he also wanted the territories back he lost to the Franks.

Redbad had to wait a long time, but when Pepin died in 714, he launched his attack. Two years later he advanced as far as Cologne, where he defeated Charles Martel, a son of Pepin. Frisia would be free for almost twenty years after, and the people were able to keep their old pagan religion. But in 734 Charles Martel invaded Frisia, and the Christian religion was forced upon the population, destroying every pagan shrine. The story didn?t end there, though, even under Frankish rule the Frisians were reluctant to adopt the Christian religion. The Church later sent Boniface, he tried to force Christianity upon the Frisians with his armed, 50 men strong, private army. The Frisians then killed Boniface in 754 at Dokkum.

During his last years Redbad developed an illness and he died in the summer of 719, according to tradition on August 9, on the island of Helgoland. His body was transported to the mainland, and there are two locations where he might be buried, both in modern day Germany and close to the border with The Netherlands: the Rabbelsberg in Dunum, and the Plytenberg not far from the city of Leer.

Today king Redbad is hardly remembered in Friesland, the province of The Netherlands. But in Germany, the area called East Frisia (Ostfriesland), he lives on in many stories and legends, and plays an important part in local folklore. According to legend, so-called ?little earthmen? (Erdmantjes) guarded the treasure that was buried with Redbad. When the locals tried to dig up the treasure, the little earthmen scared them away, but to keep the treasure safe, the little earthmen decided to transport the treasure somewhere else. But on the river Ems, the boat capsized and all drowned. The treasure is still on the bottom of the river? Nowadays a little earthman, called Plietje, is the mascot of the city of Leer.

The life of Redbad is an interesting one, and surrounded with many legends and folktales. It was even an inspiration for Richard Wagner when he wrote his opera Lohengrin. Besides the Germans in East Frisia, his memory is kept alive by modern day pagans, and August 9 is their day of remembrance for Redbad. Ten years from now it will exactly 1300 years ago that Redbad died, given his eventful life (I only described here a tiny bit of it) and the history of christianization at the time, it would be a perfect moment for a movie about the king. There are many movies about other people in history, but not one so far about king Redbad. I think he deserves one.


Wyrd Designs ? King Radbod and the Importance of the Ancestors August 10, 2011 By wyrddesigns

This week on August 9th many neopagans who celebrate the life and memory of the Frisian King Radbod (680-719 CE) as a hero representing loyalty and love of ancestors. Christian missionaries came close to baptizing King Radbod, but before carrying through with the ceremony and conversion he asked a question, ?Where are my dead ancestors at present?? Wolfram the Christian missionary answered, ?In Hell, with all other unbelievers.? Upon hearing this, Radbod changed his mind about converting and replied, ?Then I would rather live there with my honourable ancestors than go to heaven with a parcel of beggars.? Beggars here refers to Christians as a whole, but also to the long-time enemies of the Frisians: the Franks who were by this point in time primarily Christian. Radbod then expelled the missionaries from the kingdom for no other reason than how important his ancestors were to him. He could not bear the thought of being separated from them.
Redbad Kening fan Fryslân (I7610)
Horn af Kanckas, Olof Mattsson (I6839)
Revelsta, Kristina Nilsdotter (I6372)

Leopold II Markgraf von  
(Österreich), Luitpold II "der Schöne" Markgraf von Österreich (I7414)

Lothaire II's Mistress (1): (from [855]) WALDRADA, daughter of --- (-9 Apr after 868). One manuscript of the Gesta Treverorum names "Waldradam sororem?Guntheri Coloniensis archiepiscopus" when recording her adulterous relationship with King Lothaire II[45].

The C 
von Wormsgau, Waldrade (I7583)

Louis IV (10 September 920 ? 30 September 954), called d'Outremer or Transmarinus (both meaning "from overseas"), reigned as king of France from 936 to 954. He was a member of the Carolingian dynasty, the son of Charles III and Eadgifu of England, a daughter of King Edward the Elder.


He was only two years old when his father was deposed by the nobles, who set up Robert I in his place. When he was only three years old, Robert died and was replaced by Rudolph, duke of Burgundy. Rudolph's ally, a Carolingian himself, Count Herbert II of Vermandois, took Charles captive by treachery and the young Louis's mother took the boy "over the sea" to the safety of England, hence his nickname.

Charles died in 929, but Rudolph ruled on until 936, when Louis was summoned back to France unanimously by the nobles, especially Hugh the Great, who had probably organised his return to prevent Herbert II, or Rudolph's brother Hugh the Black, taking the throne.

[edit]Rise to the throne

He was crowned king at Laon by Artald, archbishop of Rheims, on Sunday 19 June 936. Effectively, his sovereignty was limited to the town of Laon and to some places in the north of France, Louis displayed a keenness beyond his years in obtaining the recognition of his authority by his feuding nobles. Nonetheless, his reign was filled with conflict; in particular with Hugh the Great, count of Paris.


In 939, Louis became involved in a struggle with the Emperor Otto the Great on the question of Lorraine, but then married Otto's sister Gerberga of Saxony (914 ? May 5, 984). They were parents to eight children:

Lothair of France (941-986)

Mathilde b. about 943; married Conrad of Burgundy

Hildegarde b. about 944

Carloman b. about 945

Louis b. about 948

Charles, Duke of Lower Lorraine (953-993)

Alberade b. before 953

Henri b. about 953


Louis IV fell from his horse and died September 10, 954, at Rheims, in the Marne, and is interred there at Saint R 
Louis IV "d'Outremer" Roi de Francie Occidentale (I7296)

Markwart IV of Eppenstein (* 1010 / 20, died 1076 ) was Count in Viehbachgau 1039 Count in Carinthia , 1070 Margrave of Istria and Carniola (questionable :) Duke of Carinthia from 1073 to 1076.

He was the eldest son of the Duke Adalbero of Carinthia (died 1039) from the house of Eppensteiner and Beatrice of Swabia , daughter of Duke Hermann II

1039 , after the death of Emperor Conrad II , got the Eppensteiner of King Henry III. In 1035 confiscated all own goods back and Mark was waiting IV as Count in Carinthia Carinthia, the actual ruler. It was in 1070 Margrave of Istria - Krain , moved in 1072 to King Henry IV against Hungary and was reversible upon cessation of Z 
von Eppenstein, Markwart Markwart IV, Herzog von K (I7287)

Osburga or Osburh was the first wife of King  
Osburga Queen Consort of Wessex (I7527)

Piroska of Hungary (1088 ? 13 August 1134) was a daughter of Ladislaus I of Hungary and Adelaide of Swabia. Her maternal grandparents were Rudolf of Rheinfeld and his second wife Adelheid of Savoy. Adelheid was a daughter of Otto of Savoy and Adelaide of Turin.

She was born in Esztergom of the modern Kom 
Árpád, Saint Piroska (Irene) magyar királylány (I7346)

Richgard married Siegfried before 1023; she died after July 9, 1064.

See for more information,

speculative research of Rob Salzman (


Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

Engelbert IV. war verheiratet mit Liutgard, deren Abstammung jedoch  
von Lavanttal, Richgard Gr (I7316)

See for more information,

speculative research of Rob Salzman (
Luitgard (I7533)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

This article is incomplete. Please help to improve the article, or discuss the issue on the talk page. (June 2011)

The Skleros or Sclerus (Greek: ???????; plural: ???????, Skleroi), feminine form Skleraina/Scleraena (Greek: ?????????), was a noble Byzantine family active mostly in the 9th?11th centuries.


[hide] 1 Origin and early members

2 10th century 3 References 4 Sources

Origin and early members[edit]

The family descended from north-eastern Asia Minor, either from Lesser Armenia or the theme of Sebasteia. Due to their origin, they have been traditionally regarded as Armenians, although this is nowhere explicitly attested.[1][2][3]

Although the family belonged to the Anatolian military aristocracy, in the 9th century its members are mostly attested as being active in the Balkans: the first Skleros known was a strategos of the Peloponnese in 805, and in 811, the same office was occupied by Leo Skleros, possibly a son or nephew of the former.[1][4] Another unnamed member of the family is recorded in the 840s as serving the Arabs and being in conflict with Umar al-Aqta, the emir of Malatya, possibly indicating a fall from favour of the family under the Amorian dynasty.[4][5] The family seems to have regained a prominent position under Basil I the Macedonian (r. 867?886), for the magistros and anthypatos Theodore Skleros is recorded in 869?870. His sons Antony and Niketas became patrikioi, with Antony serving as strategos of Hellas and Niketas possibly as admiral of the imperial fleet (droungarios tou ploimou), while he is also recorded as leading an embassy to the Magyars in 894.[1][4][6]

10th century[edit]

The Skleroi fall into obscurity during the reign of Leo VI the Wise (r. 886?912), who favoured the Doukas and Phokas families. In turn, the Skleroi seem to have supported Romanos Lekapenos: the general Pantherios, who has been tentatively identified as a member of the Skleros clan, became strategos of Lykandos, Thrakesion and finally Domestic of the Schools for a short time in 944?945, before being replaced by Bardas Phokas the Elder.[7][8]

The most distinguished scion of the family, Bardas Skleros, first appears in 956 as a patrikios and strategos of the small frontier theme of Kaloudia. Bardas's siblings married into the most prominent families of the military aristocracy: Constantine Skleros married Sophia Phokaina, the niece of Nikephoros II Phokas (r. 963?969), while Maria Skleraina married Nikephoros Phokas's nephew, John Tzimiskes. The latter connection was of particular importance for the family's fortunes: although she died before Tzimiskes ascended the throne in 969, the Skleroi were promoted by him to senior positions in the state.[8] Bardas was appointed as Domestic of the Schools of the East, suppressing the revolt of the Phocas clan led by Bardas Phokas the Younger and defeating the Rus' in 970.[9] Despite a period of disgrace in 972?974, connected with a reported conspiracy against Tzimiskes, the Skleroi remained among the most important families during his reign.[1][10] In 972, Tzimiskes even married Constantine Skleros's daughter, Theophano, to the Holy Roman Emperor Otto II (r. 973?983
Skleros, Konstantinos (I7541)

Title: Danmarks Adels Aarbog

Author: Hiort-Lorenzen, H. R., Thiset, A., and Others. (Eds.)

Publication: Copenhagen: Vilh. Trydes Bochandel, 1884- (anual)

Page: 1926:3

Gyldenstierne til Aagaard og Restrup, Erik Knudsen riksmarsk (I7237)
About Ida "die Heilige" von Merseburg (von Franken)

war eine deutsche Kirchenstifterin und wird innerhalb der katholischen Kirche vor allem in Deutschland als Heilige verehrt. Die Herkunft Idas ist in der Geschichtswissenschaft umstritten.Einigkeit besteht, dass sie eng mit den Karolingern verwandt war. Nach einer Ansicht wird Ida als Tochter der  
von Franken, Ida "die Heilige" (I7587)
About Israel L 
L, Israel (I5685)
About Wulfnoth Cild, Earl of Sussex

Wulfnoth Cild (died 1015) was an Anglo-Saxon nobleman who is thought to have been the father of Godwin, Earl of Wessex and thus the grandfather of King Harold Godwinson . Earl Godwin's father was certainly named Wulfnoth, a relatively uncommon name. He is thus assumed to be the same person as Wulfnoth Cild, a thegn in Sussex .


Wulfnoth Cild (died c. 1014) was a South Saxon thegn who is regarded by historians as the probable father of Godwin, Earl of Wessex, and thus the grandfather of King Harold Godwinson. It is known that Godwin's father was called Wulfnoth, and in the view of Frank Barlow, the Godwin family's massive estates in Sussex are indisputable evidence that the Wulfnoth in question was the South Saxon thegn.

In 1008, King  
Cild, Wulfnoth Earl of Sussex (I7375)
Circuit judge, Squire, known in 1444 
Lars J V (I7026)
Geboorteakte Dantumadeel, 1832
Aangiftedatum 26 mei 1832, blad nr. 37
Oene Kloosterman, zoon, geboren 24 mei 1832
Vader: Dedde Oenes Kloosterman
Moeder: Janke Wybes Pettinga 
Kloosterman, Oene (I59110)
Graf id-nummer: 601173
Begraafplaatsnr.: 2246
(Plaats)aanduiding: V1-2-42-14 SAM_7439
Schievink, Grietje (I48650)
36 Tenminste nog één levende persoon is verbonden aan deze aantekening - detailgegevens worden niet weergegeven. Schievink, W. (I48406)

Anders Gregersson Garp, gunman, inherited his father's testament 23/11/1447 Vehmaa half of the rapids, and should not her stepmother after the second half; review of Male Lieto 1462 and 1468 Sleet Hill; iron man in Turku 25.05.1464 county councils; mentioned further in 1494.  
Garp, Anders Gregersson (I6847)
Margaret Fredkulla

Fredkulla meaning peacegirl, her marriage to king Magnus of Norway was arranged in order to ensure peace with Norway.
Born Princess of Sweden
By marriage 1101 to King Magnus III, Queen Consort of Norway. (the marriage was childless).
By marriage 1105 to King Niels I, Queen Consort of Denmark


The Peerage
Wikipedia: English Svenska

-------------------- Margaret was born a royal princess as one of four children of King Inge the Elder of Sweden and Queen Helena. The exact year of birth and place of birth is not recorded.[2]

In 1101, she was married to King Magnus of Norway. The marriage had been arranged as a part of the peace treaty between Sweden and Norway. She was often referred to as Margaret Fredkulla (Margaret the Maiden of Peace). She brought with her large fiefs and areas in Sweden as her dowry, probably in V 
Margrethe Fredkulla Dronning af Norge, dronning av af Danmark (I7980)
Minuut-akten 1876

Notaris: Klaas Tadema
Kantoor: Oosterwolde
Bron: Notarieel archief
Soort registratie: Akte Notarieel archief
Datum: 21-03-1876
Soort akte: huwelijkstoestemming

Akte is niet aanwezig

Trijntje Jans de Graaff wonende te Appelscha
Diversen: dochter van Bondina Hanzes Baron weduwe van Jan Jans de Graaff
toestemming door de moeder

Jan Egberts Dijkstra wonende te Appelscha
de Graaff, Trientje Jans (I11906)
This lineage is of our time genealogists named after his weapon, a red chevron in the gold fields, and after his manor Fold in Balingsta sn, Hagunda hd in Upland. Despite the old relations with the families of Tofta Chevron and Chevron of Hjulsta and  
Sparre (af Vik), Mathias Gustavsson (I7161)
41 Adlig nr 3 Bååt, Brita Pedersdotter (I7067)
42 filosofie magister, rektor Pont, Ebba Maria (I6966)
43 Jarl, Statholder i Danmark, Jarl af Sj Ulf (Ulsius) Torgilsson Jarl i England og Danmark (I7222)
44  Yngling, Sorkvir Kol (I6460)
45  von Schweinfurt, Eilika Markgräfin von Schweinfurt (I7118)
46  Ealdorman of the Gaini (I7523)
47  od England, Ælfthryth (I7636)
48   (I7981)
49 According to the early 12th century Vita Eberhardi[350], the mother of Eberhard Graf von Nellenburg (son of Eberhard IV Graf im Z Hedwig Gr (I7539)
50 Everardus de Ruiter
Relatiesoort: Overledene
Geslacht: Man
Geboorteplaats: Baarn
Leeftijd: 1

Vader: Evert de Ruiter
Relatiesoort: Vader
Geslacht: Man

Moeder: Elisabeth Sukel
Relatiesoort: Moeder
Geslacht: Vrouw

Gebeurtenis: Overlijden
Datum: woensdag 26 maart 1902
Gebeurtenisplaats: Hilversum

Documenttype: BS Overlijden
Erfgoedinstelling: Noord-Hollands Archief 
de Ruiter, Everardus (I53187)

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